Why Bhutan is the Only Carbon Negative Country
What is a Carbon Footprint?
A carbon footprint is the aggregate amount of greenhouse gases that are produced by human activities. In simple terms, it is the carbon dioxide which becomes part of our atmosphere as a direct or indirect result of industrialization and our daily activities.
Thus, the more carbon dioxide a country produces and releases into the atmosphere the higher is its carbon footprint. It can be adverse in the long run as it can cause changes in the food supply and can even shrink natural water resources.
What does it mean to be Carbon Negative?
This phrase refers to the reduction of Carbon Dioxide into the atmosphere produced by humans. The process requires a significant amount of efforts to offset the effects of CO2 in our air.
A majority of people in developed and developing countries can take steps to reduce their CO2 footprint. This includes turning off lights when leaving the room, supporting clean energy sources and driving a low-carbon vehicle.
When talking about carbon negative, we can’t miss the fact that Bhutan is the only carbon negative country in the world as of now and this is not just a coincidence!
Why Bhutan is the Only Carbon Negative Country?
Bhutan is a tiny country and suffers from a lack of resources, but whatever is available to the people in the country, they use it effectively to reap the maximum output. Instead of going on full-scale unrestricted industrialization, the Bhutanese government opted for a greater benefit for its citizens. With a population of less than a million and surrounded by land, this country has done what many large economies have largely failed to accomplish.
Bhutan is the only negative country because of many reasons. This definitely includes its government policies to make the nation a healthy living place for its residents. Besides, the country has recently changed its constitution to ensure that the total forested area in Bhutan does not fall below 60%.
Thus, even though Bhutan suffers from lack of land for urbanization, it still prefers protecting nature to ensure safety to the environment and its people. In addition, the government heavily encourages afforestation, and the total land covered with trees in the country is around a whopping 72%, which is great.
Furthermore, Bhutan heavily relies on renewable energy sources. The country has imposed a ban on the export of waterlogging. Burning of fossil fuel for power generation is also slowly declining in the country. To take the carbon emissions to zero the Bhutanese government is planning to produce 100% organic foods by the end of 2020.